Any action for change within a healthcare system starts with a realization that something is happening which should not be taking place. Sometimes the problem and its solution are crystal clear, but often there are so many attributes to a problem that it becomes difficult to know where to start.
This section describes how to use a human rights approach to pick apart the problem in order to identify entry points for action. By looking at the issue from a human rights perspective the problem is brought back to the ones that are directly affected, why it is happening and which actors are involved.
Section 2 contains five steps:
- Defining the issue
- Determining which human rights are affected
- Unearthing the causes
- Identifying the actors involved
- Taking action
Before walking through these five steps, it is necessary to first select a problem within the healthcare system that needs to be addressed.
A case study is included which shows how each step should be applied. Templates which can be used to complete the steps are available here.