June 28, 2017
The United Nations have issued a joint statement this week on the elimination of discrimination in health care settings. Discrimination in hospitals and other health facilities is widespread across the world and takes many forms. It violates the most fundamental human rights protected in international treaties and in national laws and constitutions.
The most marginalized and stigmatized people are most often victimized. They may face discrimination on the basis of a variety of reasons including age, sex, ethnicity, disability or sexual orientation. Discrimination affects both users of health care services and health workers, the statement stresses. It is often manifested when people are denied access to services that are otherwise available to others. It can also occur through denial of services that are only needed by certain groups, such as women.
being subjected to physical and verbal abuse or violence
breaches of confidentiality
denial of autonomous decision-making
lack of free and informed consent.
Reviewing laws and policies
States have an immediate legal obligation to address discrimination, the UN stresses. However, a coordinated effort from the United Nations system is also urgently required. The UN entities that have signed the statement call upon all stakeholders to put in place guarantees against discrimination in law, policies, and regulations, by:
reviewing and strengthening laws to prohibit discrimination in the health sector, including in the form of mandatory HIV testing and involuntary treatment
reviewing and repealing punitive laws that have been proven to have negative health outcomes and that counter established public health evidence, including laws that criminalize gender expression, same sex conduct, adultery and other sexual behaviours between consenting adults; adult consensual sex work; drug use; and sexual and reproductive health care services and information
- reviewing, strengthening, implementing and monitoring health professional policies, regulations, standards, working conditions and ethics, for the prohibition of discrimination on all grounds in connection to health care settings.
Role of health workers
With regards to the role of health workers in the elimination of discrimination the statement stresses that, first, the labour rights and standards of health workers should be fully respected, protected, and fulfilled, and that health workers should be free from discrimination and violence in the workplace.
Other supporting measures that need to be taken include the provision of pre-service and in-service education to health workers on their rights, roles, and responsibilities related to addressing discrimination in health care settings, and the empowerment of users of health care services so that they are aware of and able to demand their rights. “This will enable them to hold those responsible accountable for discrimination-free health care settings through rights literacy, patient charters, social accountability monitoring, community support, and other tools.”
Joint United Nations statement on ending discrimination in health care settings, 27 June 2017